How Do Neuroplasticity Work?
Neuroplasticity is the brain’s ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections throughout life. This process is known as synaptic plasticity or neural adaptability. It is a consequence of the brain’s intrinsic ability to change its structure and function in response to experience.
Neuroplasticity occurs in response to changes in the environment, including learning, development, and damage (e.g., after a stroke). The process of neuroplasticity is believed to underlie many forms of learning and memory.
There are two types of neuroplasticity:
Structural neuroplasticity, which refers to changes in the number and strength of neural connections (synapses).
Functional neuroplasticity, which refers to changes in the way neurons are interconnected and how they fire.
Neuroplasticity is a process that occurs throughout the lifetime of an organism. It is most evident during periods of development, but it can also occur in response to damage or disease.