How Neuroplasticity Changes Brain?
Neuroplasticity is the brain’s ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections throughout life. This process begins in infancy and continues into adulthood. The brain has the ability to compensate for damage and change in response to experience or injury. When a particular area of the brain is damaged, other areas can often take over its functions.
Neuroplasticity occurs in response to three types of experiences:
Environmental factors: These include things like sensory input, nutrition, social interaction, and exposure to toxins. All of these can influence the brain’s structure and function.
Genetic factors: Some people are born with a genetic predisposition towards certain mental disorders. However, it is not clear how much influence genes have on the overall brain structure and function.
Lifestyle choices: Things like exercise, sleep, stress, and alcohol consumption can all impact the brain. These factors can lead to changes in the brain that can be either positive or negative.
The degree to which neuroplasticity occurs varies from person to person. It is thought that those who engage in mentally stimulating activities (such as reading, playing an instrument, or doing puzzles) tend to have more plastic brains. This is because their brains are constantly being challenged and forced to adapt.