Is Autism Too Much Neuroplasticity And Too Little Neuronal Pruning?
Some researchers believe that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is caused by an excess of neuroplasticity and/or a deficit in neuronal pruning. Neuroplasticity is the brain’s ability to reorganize itself in response to experience. Neuronal pruning is the process whereby unneeded or underused neurons are removed.
There is some evidence to support this hypothesis. For instance, ASD is more common in males, who tend to have higher levels of neuroplasticity than females. And ASD has been linked to genetic mutations that affect the development and function of neurons.
However, it’s important to note that there is no definitive cause of ASD. It is likely that multiple factors, including genetics and environment, contribute to the development of the disorder.
So, while too much neuroplasticity and/or too little neuronal pruning may be one piece of the ASD puzzle, it is only one piece. Further research is needed to better understand the causes of ASD and develop effective treatments for those who live with the disorder.