Is Brain Plasticity Same As Neuroplasticity?
Is brain plasticity the same as neuroplasticity? This is a question that continues to puzzle scientists and researchers alike. While there is some overlap between the two concepts, there are also some important distinctions. Here, we will explore the similarities and differences between brain plasticity and neuroplasticity in order to better understand each one.
What is Brain Plasticity?
Brain plasticity, also known as cortical plasticity, refers to the brain ability to change and adapt in response to experience. This type of plasticity occurs throughout our lives, but is most pronounced during early development. For example, the brains of infants are highly plastic and able to rapidly learn new information. However, brain plasticity declines with age; adults have a harder time learning new skills and forming new memories.
What is Neuroplasticity?
Neuroplasticity is a specific type of brain plasticity that refers to changes in neural pathways and synapses in response to experience or injury. These changes can be either short-term or long-term, and can occur in response to things like learning a new skill or recovering from a stroke. Unlike brain plasticity, which declines with age, neuroplasticity remains relatively constant throughout our lives.
Similarities Between Brain Plasticity and Neuroplasticity
As we’ve seen, brain plasticity and neuroplasticity are both types of neural plasticity, meaning they refer to changes in the brain in response to experience or injury. Both concepts also involve changes in neural pathways and synapses. And finally, both brain plasticity and neuroplasticity can occur throughout our lives, although they are most pronounced during early development or after a traumatic event.
Differences Between Brain Plasticity and Neuroplasticity
There are also some important differences between brain plasticity and neuroplasticity. Perhaps the most significant difference is that neuroplasticity refers specifically to changes in neural pathways and synapses, while brain plasticity can refer to any type of change in the brain. Additionally, while brain plasticity declines with age, neuroplasticity remains relatively constant. And finally, while both brain plasticity and neuroplasticity can occur in response to learning or injury, neuroplasticity is more likely to occur after a traumatic event.