What Does Neuroplasticity Do?
Neuroplasticity is the brain’s ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections throughout life. This process allows the neurons (nerve cells) in the brain to compensate for injury and disease and to adjust their activities in response to new situations or changes in their environment.
The term “neuroplasticity” refers to the brain’s ability to change and adapt as a result of experience. It is a relatively new field of study that is providing insights into how the brain works and how we can optimize its function.
Neuroplasticity occurs at all levels of the nervous system, from the individual neurons to the large-scale networks that they form. It enables the brain to adapt to new challenges and experiences, and it is thought to underlie many of the cognitive abilities that make us unique as a species.
There are three main types of neuroplasticity:
Structural neuroplasticity: This is when there are changes in the actual structure of the brain, such as the formation of new neural connections (synapses).
Functional neuroplasticity: This is when there are changes in how neurons are connected and how they fire, without any changes in the actual structure of the brain.
Behavioral neuroplasticity: This is when changes in behavior are a result of changes in brain function.
Neuroplasticity is a normal process that occurs throughout life. It is thought to play an important role in learning, memory, and recovery from injury.