What Is Brain Neuroplasticity?
Neuroplasticity is the brain’s ability to change and adapt in response to experience. It is a key feature of the brain that allows us to learn new skills, remember information, and recover from injuries. Neuroplasticity occurs throughout our lives, but it is particularly important during childhood and adolescence when the brain is developing rapidly.
There are two types of neuroplasticity: structural and functional. Structural neuroplasticity refers to changes in the brain’s physical structure, such as the growth of new neurons or changes in the connections between neurons (called synapses). Functional neuroplasticity refers to changes in the way that neurons operate, such as changes in the activity of certain genes or changes in the strength of synapses.
Some neuroplastic changes are good for us, such as those that occur when we learn a new skill. Other neuroplastic changes can be detrimental, such as those that occur following a stroke or head injury. However, even in these cases, neuroplasticity can be used to help the brain recover.
There are many different ways to influence neuroplasticity. Some methods are natural, such as sleep or exercise, while others are more artificial, such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) or drugs. Regardless of the method, if used correctly, neuroplasticity can be harnessed to improve brain function and treat various neurological conditions.